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It looks like the Weeknd isn’t done singing about Selena Gomez and their relationship that ended in October 2017. E! reports that The Weeknd registered a song called “Like Selena” in the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers directory. The Weeknd is listed as a writer and performer by his real name, Abel Tesfaye.

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The entry making headlines comes as The Weeknd teased on his Instagram yesterday that he is about to release new music. The singer reactivated his Instagram and posted an image captioned, “the fall starts tomorrow night.” This means that within 24 hours, a new song will be out—potentially even the “Like Selena” track, although it’s unclear which song will be released at this point.

The Weeknd has sung about Gomez before on his My Dear Melancholy album. When performing one of the songs live at Coachella, “Call Out Your Name,” The Weeknd cried on stage, hinting even months after that the split still had some effect on him.

The Weeknd dated Gomez from January 2017 to October 2017. Shortly after the two split, Gomez started dating Justin Bieber again. Bieber and Gomez’s romance ended for good in March 2018. The Weeknd started dating his ex-girlfriend Bella Hadid again in 2018, but the two reportedly broke up in August 2019.

When Gomez and The Weeknd ended their relationship, sources blamed it on their differing schedules. When People first reported the split, a source told the outlet, “She and Abel have been going back and forth for a few months about their relationship. It’s been hard with him being on tour and her shooting in New York. That wasn’t easy on them.”

Gomez “always made an effort” to go to The Weeknd’s concerts when she could, but “that played a part in them getting distant. It’s over for now, but they’re still in touch.”

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But this study does not get at that question.

“This doesn’t tell you anything about the direction of the relationship,” said Allan Geliebter, a senior scientist in psychiatry at Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine in New York City.

It’s also unclear, he noted, whether factors other than body fat — such as diet or lack of physical activity — could be involved.

Geliebter, who was not part of the study, called it “interesting” in part because it focused on teenagers. If brain differences can be seen that early, that’s important, he noted.

Future studies could look at whether such brain differences remain after obese teens lose weight, Geliebter said. That would suggest — though not prove — that obesity causes the brain structure changes, he explained.

In a study published earlier this year, Geliebter and his colleagues found hints that this could be the case. They focused on severely obese adults who were starting weight-loss treatment, through surgery or lifestyle changes only. Four months on, patients who were losing weight showed increases in the brain’s white and gray matter.

Pamela Bertolazzi, a doctoral student at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, is scheduled to present the latest findings Dec. 1 at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, in Chicago.

Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

For the study, her team used a specialized MRI technique to assess the brains of 59 obese and 61 normal-weight kids, aged 12 to 16. The investigators focused on a measure called fractional anisotropy, or FA: If it’s reduced, that suggests lesser integrity in the brain’s white matter, Bertolazzi explained.

Overall, the study found, obese teens had a lower FA in certain areas of white matter, compared to normal-weight kids. The affected areas control appetite and emotions.

Bertolazzi said her team hopes to do exactly what Geliebter described — repeating the MRI measurements in the same teens after the obese group goes through a weight-loss program.

Other studies, she noted, have shown that obese kids tend to have lower IQ scores than their thinner peers, though it’s not known whether that is due to any effects of obesity on the brain.


WebMD News from HealthDay


Sources

SOURCES: Pamela Bertolazzi, Ph.D. student, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Harold Bays, M.D., medical director,  Louisville Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Research Center, Kentucky, and fellow, Obesity Medicine Association, Denver; Allan Geliebter, Ph.D., senior scientist, psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and distinguished professor, psychology, Touro College, New York City; Dec. 1, 2019, presentation, Radiological Society of North America annual meeting, Chicago




Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.



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Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning are used to power a variety of important modern software technologies. For instance, AI powers analytics software, Google’s bugspot tool, and code compilers for programmers. AI also powers the facial recognition software commonly used by law enforcement, landlords, and private citizens.

Of all the uses for AI-powered software, facial recognition is a big deal. Security teams from large buildings that rely on video surveillance – like schools and airports – can benefit greatly from this technology. An AI algorithm has the potential to detect a known criminal or an unauthorized person on the property. Some systems can identify guns while others can track each individual’s movements and provide a real-time update regarding their location with a single click.

Facial recognition software has phenomenal potential

Police in the U.S have used facial recognition software to successfully identify mass shooting suspects. Police in New Delhi, India, used this tech to identify close to 3,000 missing children in four days. AI-powered software scanned 45,000 photos of children living in orphanages and foster homes and matched 2,930 kids to photos in the government’s lost child database. That’s an impressive success rate.

Facial recognition software is also used by governments to help refugees find their families through the online database called REFUNITE. This database combines data from multiple agencies and allows users to perform their own searches.

Despite the potential, AI-powered software is biased

Facial recognition software is purported to enhance public safety since AI algorithms can be more accurate than the human eye. However, that’s only true when you’re a white male. The truth is, artificial intelligence algorithms have an implicit bias toward women and people with dark skin. That bias is present in two major types of software: facial recognition software and risk assessment software.

For instance, researchers from MIT’s Media Lab used facial recognition software in an experiment that misidentified dark-skinned females as men up to 35% of the time. Both women and people with dark skin had the highest error rates.

Another area of bias is seen in risk assessments. Some jails use a computer program to predict the likelihood of each inmate committing a crime in the future. Unfortunately, time has already shown these assessments are biased toward people with dark skin. Dark-skinned people are generally scored as a higher risk than light-skinned people. The problem is that risk assessment scores are used by authorities to inform decisions as a person moves through the criminal justice system. Judges frequently use these scores to determine bond amounts and whether a person should receive parole.

In 2014, U.S Attorney General Eric Holder called for the U.S. Sentencing Commission to study the use of risk assessment scores because he saw the potential for bias. The commission chose not to study risk scores. However, an independent, nonprofit news organization called ProPublica studied the scores and found them to be remarkably unreliable in forecasting violent crime. They studied more than 7,000 people in Broward County, Florida and found that only 20% of people predicted to commit violent crimes actually did.

This bias has been known for quite some time, yet experts have yet to create a solution. People wouldn’t be so alarmed at the error rate if the technology wasn’t already in use by governments and police.

The ACLU concluded facial recognition software used by police is biased

In 2018, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) ran a test to see if Amazon’s facial recognition software used by police has a racial bias. The results? Twenty-eight U.S. Congress members were falsely matched with mugshots, including California representative and Harvard graduate Jimmy Gomez. The ACLU’s test revealed 40% of false matches involved people of color.

Despite the large error rate, Amazon’s facial recognition tool (Rekognition) is already in use by police. Civil liberties groups and lawmakers are heavily concerned that using this software as-is can harm minorities. Activists are calling for government regulation to prevent abuse since this software is going mainstream too soon.

Are governments suppressing AI’s racial bias?

For two years in a row, Canadian immigration authorities denied visas to approximately two dozen AI academics hoping to attend a major conference on artificial intelligence. Researchers from the group called Black in AI were planning to educate people about AI’s racial bias but were denied visas in 2018 and 2019. After pressuring the government, some denials were reversed in 2019.

The Canadian government denied the visas, claiming to have no assurance the researchers would leave Canada at the end of their visit. The group and many of their supporters don’t believe the visa denials were legitimate. Canada’s economy routinely benefits from overseas visitors, who spent more than $21 billion in 2018. Why would Canada deny that many visas two years in a row unless they’re trying to suppress the researchers from voicing their concerns?

Although there’s no direct evidence of intentional suppression, the whole situation is odd and deserves to be thoroughly investigated.

Why does AI struggle to identify women and people with dark skin?

Gender bias against women and people of color has existed in AI-powered software for years, even before facial recognition went mainstream.

Due to a lack of color contrast, it makes sense that darker skin would make it harder for computer algorithms to identify facial features. It’s also possible that photos used to train AI systems include more light skinned people and males than dark skinned people and females. Both factors likely contribute to the problem.

Computers might have a hard time identifying facial features when women are wearing makeup to hide wrinkles or when they have a short haircut. AI-powered algorithms can only be trained to recognize patterns; if short hair is registered as a factor that indicates a male, that will skew results.

While the issue appears straight forward, there’s one factor that isn’t being accounted for by some of the facial recognition critics: the racial and gender bias seems to exist with facial analysis and not facial recognition. The two terms are used interchangeably, but are distinct processes.

Facial recognition vs. facial analysis

When MIT conducted a study with facial recognition tools from Microsoft and IBM, they found those tools had less of an error rate than Amazon’s Rekognition. In response, Amazon disputed the results of MIT’s study, claiming researchers used “facial analysis” and not “facial recognition” to test for bias.

Facial recognition identifies facial features and attempts to match a face to an existing database of faces. Facial analysis uses facial characteristics to identify other factors like gender, race, or to detect a fatigued driver. An Amazon spokesperson says it doesn’t make sense to use facial analysis to gauge the accuracy of facial recognition, and that’s a fair claim.

While the two processes are not the same, facial analysis still plays a significant role in identifying suspects and should be more accurate before being used by police. For instance, if a suspect is captured on video but can’t be clearly seen, has no previous arrests, and can’t be matched to a database, facial analysis will be used to obtain the suspect’s identity. If that suspect is a female wrongly identified as a male, they might never be found.

Are we using facial recognition software too soon?

While it’s not a surprise, it’s a disappointment to know that biased software is being deployed in situations that can have serious consequences.

While the benefits to using facial recognition software are clear, it’s time for this technology to be regulated and force developers to improve the accuracy before it’s deployed in high-stake situations.

Frank Landman

Frank Landman

Frank is a freelance journalist who has worked in various editorial capacities for over 10 years. He covers trends in technology as they relate to business.

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Having a disability means certain things could be more difficult, but that doesn’t mean financing a home and car has to be. As a person with a disability, having a home and car that suits your needs for accessibility and safety is essential—but where do you start with finding the best options for you?

Luckily, there are many options when it comes to financing a home and car. Below, we’ll outline the process of applying for a home or auto loan as well as provide the additional resources available to you.

Government Definition of a Disability

The federal government defines a person with a disability as someone who:

  • Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more “major life activities”
  • Has a record of such an impairment
  • Is regarded as having such an impairment 

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) defines “major life activities” as being walking, speaking, hearing, seeing, breathing, working, learning, performing manual tasks, and caring for oneself. It can also include the operation of major bodily activities. 

HUD includes examples of a “physical or mental impairment” being orthopedic, visual, speech and hearing impairments, cerebral palsy, autism, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, HIV, developmental disabilities, mental illness, drug addiction, and diabetes. 

These are just a few examples of the many different types of disabilities. Keep in mind that the federal government considers a disability to be any impairment that imposes a substantial limitation on a major life activity. Having a disability that is recognized by the federal government could qualify you for financial assistance and mortgage programs for people with disabilities.

Financing Home Ownership for Those with Disabilities

Owning a home with a disability would be especially ideal because you can ensure it has the proper accessibilities that fit your needs. However, owning a home is a huge financial decision that many people resign to be unattainable. Consider median earnings for those with no disability are over $30,469, the median income for individuals living with a disability is $20,250.

Getting a loan for your own home can look daunting no matter your income, so it can be especially so if you’ve struggled with meeting loan income requirements. Thankfully there are several options to choose from if you’ve had difficulty with loan approvals. These programs can assist you in both purchasing a home and outfitting it to accommodate your requirements, as well as help with understanding the basic jargon of home financing.

Fannie Mae

The Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA, more commonly known as Fannie Mae) is a government-sponsored enterprise founded to make mortgages available to moderate-to-low- income borrowers. They provide affordable housing financing for homebuyers and renters in the U.S, and offer two primary lines of business:

1. Single-Family

Fannie Mae’s single-family business funding makes stable, predictable mortgage financing options like the 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage option a possibility. The lenders they work with can tailor mortgage loans to meet the needs of different borrowers.

2. Multi-Family

The multi-family business funding provides financing options for multi-family rental properties. They work with a national network of participating lenders to help finance apartment buildings across the country.

VA Home Loans for Disabled Veterans

The VA Home Loan is a great option for veterans with disabilities or active duty military who are looking to buy a home. Most veterans who qualify for a VA home loan are eligible for no down payments, low-interest rates, no mortgage insurance premiums, and a host of other benefits.

The VA Loan Entitlement is the actual amount (percentage or dollar) that the VA will guarantee. While the VA Loan Entitlement will vary by individual, the standard Entitlement is either $36,000 or 25% of the total loan amount.

Habitat for Humanity 

Habitat for Humanity is a global nonprofit, volunteer-based organization working in communities across the U.S., and in approximately 70 countries. They offer families in need of decent and affordable housing the option to build their own home (alongside volunteers) and pay an affordable mortgage. They also renovate existing homes for those whose accessibility needs are not being met and assist people repair or renovate their own homes or neighborhoods.

Local Habitat for Humanity family selection committees select homeowners based on the following criteria:

  1. The applicant’s level of need
  2. Their willingness to partner with Habitat
  3. Their ability to repay a mortgage through an affordable payment plan

How to Apply for a Mortgage Loan 

Once you’ve decided to mortgage a house, it’s time to start applying for a mortgage loan. This process takes a while and has several steps, so it’s important to make sure you know the different aspects of applying and the items you’ll need in order to apply. Finding the best option for you and your disability can take a little longer, so be prepared with a list of questions about financing a home that is accessible for you.

Check Your Credit Score 

When applying for a mortgage loan, lenders want to be sure you have a good credit score and a positive history of making payments on time. This proves to them that you’re a trustworthy person to lend money to, as you are more likely to pay it back than someone with a lower credit score. 

If you’re wanting to find an accessible home ASAP, check your credit early and ensure you’re in a good place to begin financing a home. If your credit is in a good place, keep doing what you’re doing, but if it needs a little help take action to make sure it’s in a good enough place to qualify you for the loan you need. Whether that’s talking to your credit lender, a banker, or a financial coach, make sure you’re doing what you can to get your credit up to where it needs to be.

Apply with Various Lenders and Find the Right One for You

Finding the right mortgage lender includes much more than having a good credit score. You want to work with a team of professionals, helpful lenders who will guide you through the process. Consider making the process easier, and find better lender options, by getting pre-approved for your mortgage. 

To ensure that you find the right lender for your individualized circumstances, shop around and compare rates from the various options. When you’re shopping around, make sure you’re asking questions about their process, fees, and anything else you should know before deciding. Read the fine print on their quotes, and take your time comparing.

Gather Documentation on Debts and Expenses

Once you’ve settled with the best lender for you, it’s time to round up the documentation you’ll need to apply for your mortgage.

Mortgage applications want to know your full financial history. This includes listing all of your debts, and the regular fixed expenses you spend money on every month. This includes everything from car insurance to student loan payments, so be sure you’re reporting those numbers accurately. Save all of your previous bills, like rent and utilities, so you can report those numbers as accurately as possible. 

Though you’ll need to report those numbers, you won’t need to submit those bills. Your lender will check those against your credit report, which will list your bills and whether or not you’re paying them back on time. 

Even if a debt doesn’t show on your credit report, you are still obligated to disclose it on your application as intentionally misrepresenting assets constitutes fraud. 

If you have no previous credit history, be prepared to give your lender a list of previous landlords and utility providers so they can check your history of on-time payments.

Provide Proof of Income

Next, you’ll need to establish that you can afford the payments on the loan you’re applying for. Depending on your type of income, you may need to prove:

Employment income

Lenders will ask for your W-2s from the last two years as well as your individual pay stubs showing your income from the past 30 days. If you have multiple jobs, bring the necessary paperwork from all of your jobs. 

Lenders will also likely ask for signed copies of your tax returns from the past two years and will ask you to fill out forms allowing them to request copies of those forms directly from the Internal Revenue Service.

Unemployment income

If you’re employed in a seasonal sector that includes regular layoffs—such as tourism, agriculture, or fishing—your insurance payments from unemployment can count towards your regular income.

You will have to prove that you’ve worked in these seasonal fields for the past two years, and the lender will ask your employer if you will be rehired next season. Bring in your checks that show year-to-date earnings, or a photocopy of your bank statement showing the deposit.

Disability income

Disability income counts as qualifying proof of income. Lenders will ask for a copy of your disability policy or the benefits statement from the source of your disability income, showing your eligibility and the amount of and frequency of payments. If your disability comes from the Social Security Administration, you will need your SSA award letter or current receipt.

Under policies instituted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, lenders cannot ask doctors for details of your medical condition. They should assume that disability payments will continue for the foreseeable future unless your paperwork indicates otherwise.

Other income

If you make any other type of income that isn’t included in this list (pension, a car allowance, Social Security, annual bonus, royalties from published works) you can count it as income if you can document it and prove it as your own.

The general rule toward these outside sources of income is that you must prove it was a regular, steady source of income for the last 12 months, and that you can expect to continue receiving it for at least the next three years.

To prove ownership, use letters or statements spelling out what you’re entitled to as well as check stubs or photocopies of bank statements showing the actual deposits.

Assets

If you own CDs, savings accounts, retirement accounts, stocks or bonds, or a life insurance policy with cash or real estate value, you will need to provide proof of ownership and market value.

You will need deeds and other documentation for real estate, and most lenders will accept your two most recent statements from a bank or brokerage firm to prove ownership of stocks, bonds, and other monetary holdings.

Tips for Auto Loans for Individuals with Disabilities 

Just like with finding a loan to finance your home, finding a car to accommodate your disability is vital to ensuring you have the means to transport yourself. In most cases, making a car accessible means buying the car at cost, and then making conversions and additions to outfit it to your requirements. While choosing the best auto loan and lender to finance your car can take a lot of work, there are clear steps you can take to make the process as seamless as possible.

Check Your Credit Score Ahead of Time 

Similar to applying for a mortgage, lenders will want to make sure you have good credit. Look at your credit score months before you apply for a loan to make sure you’re in good standing. If your credit isn’t looking good enough to qualify you for a loan, consider making some larger payments to pay off more of your debt, or talk to your credit lender for advice on how to improve your score before you apply for the loan.

Consider Getting a Co-Signer

If you’re worried that your credit score alone won’t allow you to qualify for an auto loan, consider asking someone to be your co-signer. Having a co-signer essentially means you are asking someone to help you take on the responsibility for repaying the loan, meaning they serve as an additional payment source if you can’t repay the loan in full yourself. They are not responsible for monthly payments and can help you qualify for a loan by combining your credit and theirs. This is a big responsibility to ask of someone, as it puts their credit at risk if you don’t repay. Keeping all of that in mind, think critically of who would be willing to help you qualify by co-signing for a loan with you.

Save for a Larger Down Payment 

Sometimes it will help you pay off an auto loan faster by signing up for a larger down payment, resulting in smaller monthly payments. Do your research on a down payment that might help you pay off your loan faster, but still reasonably fits in your budget, and start saving up for it. When shopping for your car, make sure to ask your dealer what their payment options are with a larger down payment.

Additional Resources

Sources 

Self | Department of Housing and Urban Development | VA Home Loan Centers | Fannie Mae | Interest.com | Consumer Finance | Investopedia



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Back in June 2018, AAIS filed its first CannaBOP policy to provide admitted markets a BOP that would cover the unique risks associated with cannabis businesses. While the admitted market has yet to fully embrace the cannabis businesses, this policy is paving the way for carriers to get involved with this truly emerging risk.

One speaker that the recent Insurance Journal Insuring Cannabis Summit noted that the cannabis segment is a true emerging risk unlike anything else that we’ve seen in many years in insurance. This is partially because of the tension that exists between the way that cannabis and cannabis products are treated by the federal government and the states.

One feature of the CannaBOP policy is how it defines its “basic territory”.

“Basic territory” means the United States of America, its territories and possessions, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

With respect to losses to “cannabis” or “cannabis accessories”, and losses arising out of or in any way related to “cannabis activities”, the “basic territory”:

  1. is limited to the state of California; and
  2. does not include land or property owned by the United States government.

The policy is limiting coverage related to the exposures of the cannabis business to the state of California, except for any land or property owned by the United States government. When you consider that almost half of the state is federal land, you understand that this is a significant limitation.

This is among the definitions that allow the policy to take a careful line between allowing coverage for a product that is legal in the state of California, while not allowing for illegal activity to occur (elsewhere, or within the state of California).

The Academy of Insurance is presenting our session Cannabis Risk Coverage Issues on November 7. You can sign up here.

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Photo by Craig Barritt/Getty Images for The New Yorker

“If you love H&M and Zara I’m sorry- you’re going to hate this episode,” warns Minhaj.

After Saudi Arabia, Amazon and the NRA, Hasan Minhaj has found his next target: the fashion industry. In the latest episode of his award-winning Netflix show Patriot Act, the comedian and commentator dove not just into the practices of fast fashion companies wreaking havoc on the planet but into the consumer behaviour that’s enabling and encouraging those brands.

“We want the feeling of luxury without paying full price,” he says of fast fashion brands like Zara and H&M, which knock off high fashion designs the moment they hit the runway, delivering them to stores at affordable prices mere weeks later. This democratization of fashion comes at a price.

Setting aside the questionable working conditions and practices at many of the factories where these cheap goods are churned out, Minhaj focuses on the environmental impact of fast fashion. In a snappy 30-minute episode, he lays out some sobering numbers and stats from recent reports. For example, did you know that in 2015 the greenhouse gases from textile production were more than the emissions of all flights and maritime shipping combined? Basically, Minhaj quips, “the clothes in your suitcase are screwing up the planet more than the flight you put them on.”

He also touches on the “greenwashing” tactics employed by fast fashion companies to make it seem like they’re more environmentally conscious than they really are, and looks closer at some of the materials and fabrics used by these popular brands to help sustain their weekly merchandise drops.

It’s not just the companies at fault though. According to Jennifer Hyman, founder of clothing rental site Rent The Runway, half of the items that women buy are worn just three times or less. That’s hugely wasteful. But the solution to all this isn’t to stop shopping altogether. Just like the very magazine you’re reading now, what Minhaj is advocating for is shopping less, shopping smarter, and shopping more mindfully. According to a news segment Minhaj airs on the show, “If everyone bought one used item this year instead of new, it could save nearly 6 pounds of CO2 emissions – that’s equivalent to removing half a million cars off the road for a year.”

Once you’ve absorbed that mind-boggling fact, head to Netflix for the full episode and maybe, just maybe, think twice before clicking Add to Cart on your favourite fast fashion site.



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When Katie Holmes wore a bra and cardigan set by brand-of-the-moment Khaite earlier this year, the photos of her hailing a taxi went almost instantly viral. As soon as we saw this image we knew that knitted bras would be a thing in 2020 and many other designers and high-street brands would offer up more re-imagined knitted twinsets. Zara has been the first to jump on the trend for a matching top and cardi, with an oatmeal-coloured knitted set that went live on the site last week. 

The set has already been a resounding hit as the whole Who What Wear team ordered the full look. And we’ve also spotted the likes of Who What Wear columnist Monikh wearing the set, as well as influencer Jess Skye. Inevitably, the pieces have already sold out, although it looks like Zara will restock. But if you can’t wait for that there are already similar pieces you can shop on Zara. Of course, you can pre-order the original from Khaite too. Keep scrolling to see the original Katie look, how influencers are wearing the Zara version, then stay for the other sets to shop right now…

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Blake Lively deleted all but one Instagram (her The Rhythm Section trailer) two weeks ago to signal promotion of her new film is starting. All her Ryan Reynolds pictures were taken down then…and archived, not deleted. Now, Lively has subtly reposted 38 of her Instagrams to her profile, including two Ryan Reynolds photos.

image

Lively’s repopulated Instagram profile.

Instagram


This year’s birthday tribute is back up.

And a photo of them sitting with Deadpool was added back too.

Lively additionally shared footage her husband took of her in 2017 when she was in the hospital after being injured on the set of The Rhythm Section. She posted it to her Instagram Story. “Literally 4 weeks after I said, ‘I’d give my right hand to be in this movie!’ (Good thing no one told me to ‘break a leg’) My husband somehow knew ‘Wild Thing’ would be my version of smelling salts. I’ve never felt so seen. 😍 Or high. Also….I have zero recollection of this.”

Deadline reported in January 2018 that Lively injured her hand while shooting the movie, and production on the film was suspended as she recovered from the injury. The movie was finished later and will be released on January 31, 2020.

Lively kept a relatively low profile this year. She welcomed her and Reynolds’ third daughter this summer. News of the baby’s birth wasn’t announced until nearly two months after it happened. Reynolds subtly announced the baby’s gender (and shared her first photo) on his Twitter when posting about the Canadian elections.

“I love B.C.,” he wrote with a Canadian flag emoji. “I want my daughters to experience the same natural playground I grew up in. On Oct. 21, the candidate you vote for will SHAPE CLIMATE POLICY. I’m proud of the climate progress made the last 4 years. Click http://Elections.ca for voting info. #Capilano”

The couple has not revealed their daughter’s birth date or name yet.

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Suspect can’t be compelled to reveal “64-character” password, court rules

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The Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution bars people from being forced to turn over personal passwords to police, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled this week.

In a 4-3 ruling, justices from Pennsylvania’s highest court overturned a lower-court order that required the suspect in a child-pornography case to turn over a 64-character password to his computer. The lower-court ruling had held that the compelled disclosure didn’t violate the defendant’s Fifth Amendment rights because of statements he made to police during questioning.

“It’s 64 characters and why would I give that to you,” Joseph J. Davis of Pennsylvania’s Luzerne County told investigators in response to their request for his password. “We both know what’s on there. It’s only going to hurt me. No fucking way I’m going to give it to you.”

A foregone conclusion

Prosecutors in the case said a legal doctrine known as the “foregone conclusion exception” permitted the compelled disclosure of Davis’ password. The doctrine, which originally applied to the compelled production of paper documents, said Fifth Amendment protections against self-incrimination don’t apply when the government already knew of the existence, location, and content of the sought-after material.

In requiring Davis to turn over his password to investigators, the lower-court agreed with prosecutors that the password demand fell under the foregone conclusion exemption. The lower court said the exception applied because, under previous US Supreme Court precedent, the password was tantamount to a key or other tangible property and didn’t reveal the “contents” of the defendant’s mind.

The majority for the Pennsylvania Supreme Court disagreed. Writing for the majority in a ruling handed down on Wednesday, Justice Debra Todd wrote:

Based upon these cases rendered by the United States Supreme Court regarding the scope of the Fifth Amendment, we conclude that compelling the disclosure of a password to a computer, that is, the act of production, is testimonial. Distilled to its essence, the revealing of a computer password is a verbal communication, not merely a physical act that would be nontestimonial in nature. There is no physical manifestation of a password, unlike a handwriting sample, blood draw, or a voice exemplar. As a passcode is necessarily memorized, one cannot reveal a passcode without revealing the contents of one’s mind. Indeed, a password to a computer is, by its nature, intentionally personalized and so unique as to accomplish its intended purpose―keeping information contained therein confidential and insulated from discovery. Here, under United States Supreme Court precedent, we find that the Commonwealth is seeking the electronic equivalent to a combination to a wall safe—the passcode to unlock Appellant’s computer. The Commonwealth is seeking the password, not as an end, but as a pathway to the files being withheld. As such, the compelled production of the computer’s password demands the recall of the contents of Appellant’s mind, and the act of production carries with it the implied factual assertions that will be used to incriminate him. Thus, we hold that compelling Appellant to reveal a password to a computer is testimonial in nature.

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Photo by Samir Hussein/WireImage

The Duchess *really* loves Canadian designers.

In one of her last royal engagements of the year, Meghan Markle was spotted wearing two gold zodiac necklaces – and it turns out that the pieces are from Canadian jewellery brand Suetables. It’s not the first time the Duchess of Sussex has chosen a local accessories brand, however it is the first time she’s worn this particular label.

Started in 2005 in the basement of founder Sue Henderson’s home, the brand was a hit with customers from day one. After making herself a necklace hand stamped with the initials of her son (“‘love letters as I called them,” she tells FASHION), Henderson caught the attention of other mothers in the playground and had soon outfitted all of them with their own pieces. Demand grew quickly, leading her to google “sterling silver jewellery” which then introduced her to Taxco, Mexico. “I saw photos of silversmiths, beautiful jewellery shops and a mysterious hillside town that beckoned,” the designer recalls. “With money in my pocket from selling my [inital] love letter necklace, I was determined to build my line. I craved adventure and a creative outlet. So, my sister Kathryn and I travelled there and created exclusive designs working with two different families.”

More than 12 years on, and the brand (which has two stores in Toronto and one in Montreal, as well an e-commerce platform that ships globally) is still working with those same families with Sue and Kathryn visiting regularly. “We strive to work with partners who enforce safe working conditions and support families. These are not mass produced, each piece is hand finished,” she says, adding that the houses “employ local artisans who are dedicated to conserving techniques which are passed on from generation to generation.” There’s also an eco-conscious focus to the business – “No pieces go to waste – any pieces from ruined hand stamping, we recycle,” says Sue.

The brand loves to share in its customers’ stories, which is why Sue was thrilled that the Duchess chose such sentimental pieces. When meeting with army families, Meghan opted for the Shirley Zodiac (to represent Prince Harry) and Vanessa Coin Zodiac (to represent Archie). “I never imagined Meghan Markle would be one of our customers,” Henderson tells us. “It was so touching to see that she wants to keep her family close to her heart by wearing charms that represent them. In a world of so many big global brands, we are honoured that the Duchess is choosing to wear necklaces from a small independent Canadian company. My whole line stemmed from wanting to keep my own children close to my heart, and it feels wonderful to have the Duchess want to do the same thing with her family.”

The designer has long been a fan of Markle, beginning from her days on Suits. “I read her blog, The Tig, and loved the show Suits – even naming a line of jewellery after some of the characters one year,” Sue explains, adding that she was in communication with the show’s team back in the day about having Meghan wear her pieces. Years later, to see Meghan in the pieces of her own accord was the most pleasant of surprises. “This has come as the biggest surprise and had absolutely nothing to do with my efforts. I am so delighted.”



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